Mackerel are one of the most common game fish in the Central American waters and can be found all over the world. In the Atlantic mackerel can be found from England to Brazil while in the Pacific they are found from southern California to Peru.
The different species of mackerel range from the Atlantic species of king, Spanish, and cero mackerel while in the Pacific we find sierra mackerel. All possess similar body shapes and dorsal fins, but it is easy to tell them apart by their markings. King mackerel are more of a silver color, while Spanish and cero mackerel showcase yellow dots along their sides. King mackerel are the largest species with the world record at 93 lbs while the other species are typically 10-20 lbs.
Mackerel are highly migratory and travel in large schools. They are voracious predators and move quickly. Mackerel are popular among sport fishermen and commercial fishermen alike for their abundance and white meat. There are many ways to fish for mackerel, including lures, baits, strip baits, and jigging with rapid movements. Due to their sharp teeth you’ll want a sturdy leader on.
WHAT THEY EAT: Mackerel hunt in the large schools they travel in and are voracious predators. They’ll eat anything from smaller species like sardines and herrings to squid and shrimp. When fishing for them you’ll typically want to fast troll or make rapid jigging movements.
WHERE TO FIND THEM: Mackerel are found all over the globe in warm temperate waters. They are typically found in warm clear water near wrecks, reefs, or other structure. They can occasionally be found offshore near piers. They tend to travel in groups, though larger adults will often be alone or in pairs.